Environmental pollution does not respect borders. It is best addressed, therefore, with a mix of international, regional and national actions. Enhanced environmental protection benefits citizens and businesses throughout the EU and its neighbourhood. Environmental protection prevents conflicts over scarce resources, such as water.
The ENP promotes shared environmental information systems, environmental impact assessments, integrated coastal zone management and sustainable tourism throughout the ENP region. Its actions are oriented toward prevention of environmental degradation and pollution, protection of human health, and more rational use of natural resources. Priority is given to water quality, waste management, air pollution and the fight against desertification.
The European Commission works together with ENP partners in order to improve energy efficiency, to examine the scope for developing a green energy market and to expand the ENP partners’ capacity to produce solar, wind and sustainable biomass energy sources. It advocates climate change dialogue, especially in relation to adaptation of the Post-2012 climate change regime. It also provides technical assistance to build capacity on climate change policies, i.e., the Kyoto mechanisms. These have significant potential to attract direct foreign investment and foster development of cleaner technologies.